US dollar notes are smuggled out of the country or jealously hoarded in pillows and under mattresses. “You can rig elections, but you cannot rig the economy”.
Mnangagwa was thought to simply too powerful to be fired – until he was. Once again Mugabe proved himself immune to conventional wisdom.
In some places strong gains made by the opposition, ironically lead to more repression against democracy activists rather than open up the political space.
Opposition boycotts have allowed ZANU-PF to win all but one of more than 20 post-2013 by-elections in Zimbabwe. Considered a middle-income country in the 1990’s, the economy nearly halved in the 2000s and hasn’t recovered