In many countries the politicians still hire relatives and their tribesmates, but their quality has improved. Because of the expansion of education, they are no longer the ill-educated villagers of years gone by.
“In African culture the police are there to intimidate, to coerce.” In Nigeria many stations have an informal torture officer.
Among the targets of violent threats has been former president Domitien Ndayizeye after he spoke out against the ruling party’s youth wing’s call for female opposition supporters to be raped or even killed.
It’s the world’s fastest-growing refugee crisis. One million have crossed into Uganda, and an additional “million or even more” are in Ethiopia, Kenya, DR Congo, and Central African Republic.
A militiaman boasts that he has found a foolproof way to kill up to 50 suspected Boko Haram members at a time – by roasting them in a pit.