The economy is devastated, and more than 2.4 million South Sudanes live as refugees in neighbouring countries that include Uganda, Ethiopia, and Sudan.
The future of AMISOM has become uncertain. Problems regarding external funding and support for the mission have led to in a decision to begin withdrawing forces in 2018, ahead of a full pullout by 2020
Sahelian states succeeded in chasing out jihadist groups from major towns, but these have not been accompanied by the return of their administration in “liberated” areas – sometimes even to the outskirts of some cities
Some fear risk of electoral violence due to presence of militias linked to political parties