Armed conflict, and active political repression are to blame for more than 75% of all recent famines.
By 2014 between 100,000 and 150,000 Portuguese had moved to oil-rich Angola, by far the highest number of migrants moving from a former European colonial power to a former African colony.
In April IOM warned that its staff in Niger and Libya had “documented shocking events on North African migrant routes, which they have described as “slave markets”.
It’s not unusual to witness instances of humiliation at visa offices. Sometimes they shout instructions at visa applicants. Sometimes they throw documents back at them.
One insinuation was that the state of politics in Africa is so dismal that even the Gambia’s Adama Barrow, a former Argos security guard, can become a president.