Africans the world over have employed language, belief, ritual, clothes, hairstyles, stories and food to resist and transform colonisers’ religions and cultural practices.
The tension is fuelled by fears that popular ex-presidents Marc Ravalomanana and Andry Rajoelina could be barred from the race
In Benin’s capital Cotonou, Togo’s Lomé and Burkina Faso’s Ouagadougou the informal sector accounts for over 80% of non-agricultural employment.
Madagascar, Malawi and Zimbabwe are expected to see the largest increase. By 2040, 45% of the region’s extreme poor (over 58 million people) are expected to live in Malawi and Madagascar.
There may be other pieces of ancient continent scattered elsewhere on the floor of the Indian Ocean