Results suggest corruption has been normalised in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Young people viewed bribery simply as “eating”, not an ethical aberration. Only Rwandan youth thought it was a big problem.
Magufuli is not only relying on repressive means to stay in power. He is also pursuing a programme that revives his popularity. Many still see him as a man of integrity.
The book also highlights Nyerere’s power consolidation through overt and covert means. However, his voluntary retirement from the presidency in 1985 meant that he took the elder statesman mantle.
The potential quandary for Kagame is that Rwanda could become his “Hotel California” of which The Eagles famously sung: he can check out, but he can never leave.
As one of the few countries in East Africa not beset by internecine conflicts, Tanzania is often seen as a beacon of hope. But its history hasn’t been entirely peaceful.