Less than 40% of women who experience violence seek redress. Most turn to family and friends rather than formal institutions.
In April IOM warned that its staff in Niger and Libya had “documented shocking events on North African migrant routes, which they have described as “slave markets”.
A meeting of the Nile Basin states called by Ugandan President Museveni broke down, a reflection of growing Egyptian-Ethiopian tensions. Egypt meanwhile is boosting military cooperation with Eritrea.
Politics in the Horn is best understood as a marketplace, where the currency is money and violence.