Those who opposed the protests will argue that the sacrifices made to secure these gains came at too great a cost. Students and staff were traumatised. Infrastructure was destroyed. Books and artworks were burned.
In South Africa, despite the difficulties, there are many paths forward. Ethiopia’s “developmental dictatorship” on the other hand, has only the option of a hard landing
The exodus of millions of Zimbabweans from their country meant that some 20% of its graduates now live and work in other countries
There there is no evidence at all that membership in ICC has induced good behaviour in any African government