In many countries the politicians still hire relatives and their tribesmates, but their quality has improved. Because of the expansion of education, they are no longer the ill-educated villagers of years gone by.
Rather than entrust money with relatives at home – who sometimes make rather liberal use of it – these bonds serve as an opportunity for local investment.
The new president is a dual citizen. Of the 275 members of the Somali parliament, 22 are Somali-Americans and 29 are British Somalis. The prime minister is a dual Somali-Norwegian citizen.