There have been some bright spots, like the rise of more resilient opposition movements in the DRC and Uganda. But elsewhere on the continent, as in Tanzania and Zambia, repression is on the rise.
A well-loved Congolese dance of 2005, Kisanola, (meaning a comb) also involves a movement representing the shaving of one’s hair to the bone – a metaphor for how the DRC people have had everything taken from them.
With runner-up Martin Fayulu challenging the result, and the powerful Catholic church and the French also casting doubt on his victory, Tshisekedi is unlikely to have an easy road to power.
There hasn’t been a peaceful transition of power in DRC since the end of Belgian colonial rule – one of the most brutal – in 1960. Violent protests followed rigged elections in 2006 and 2011.
So far there have been 458 cases, including 271 deaths, in two DRC’s provinces. This could get much worse. In Liberia’s case, over two years, 4,810 people lost their lives to ebola.