There hasn’t been a peaceful transition of power in DRC since the end of Belgian colonial rule – one of the most brutal – in 1960. Violent protests followed rigged elections in 2006 and 2011.
In many African countries musicians are in the vanguard of popular struggles. In Seun Kuti carries on the legacy of his father Fela by confronting the country’s venal political elite. In Burkina Faso rappers helped overthrow Blaise Compaore
Angola’s Lourenço, Zimbabwe’s Mnangagwa and South Africa’s Ramaphosa all made star turns at last week’s World Economic Forum in Davos, visibly signalling re-entry into the global community.
Although the First Lady said Mugabe sleeps “with one eye open”, there are no threats to his rule from outside the party. Age is his only real challenger.
Conflict in Africa is causing fewer fatalities than in the 1990s, but the number of violent incidents is increasing, and violence is becoming more complex.