During last year’s election, a great rift appeared in the rap scene between supporters and opponents of president Bongo.
New imaginations, “new” peoples will emerge from the crazy demographic and cultural mix in the slums and create an Africa that is brazenly outward looking.
In 23 sub-Saharan African countries, urbanisation would have happened without a single person moving from a rural area to an urban one.
It’s not unusual to witness instances of humiliation at visa offices. Sometimes they shout instructions at visa applicants. Sometimes they throw documents back at them.
The US and UK host around 40,000 African students a year. China surpassed that number in 2014. In 2015 China pledged to provide 30,000 scholarships to African students by 2018.